On March 18th the Republicans went over to the offensive on the Guadalajara front. Heavy Republican artillery supported the attack. In the van were over seventy of Pavlov’s tanks, supported by over one hundred aircraft of ever variety available to the Republican forces. The attack came as Italian confidence was wavering. General Roatta had left the front just that morning to meet with Franco in hopes of calling off the attack on Guadalajara. Franco refused, suggesting a new plan for attack, when Roatta’s headquarters phoned the General to advise of the Republican onslaught. At two o’clock, Lister’s and Cipriano Mara’s two divisions attacked, supported by tanks, with one division striking from the east and another from the west.
Attacker: Republican (German 11th International Bde & Al Campesino Bde 11th Division; Pavlov Bde; Garibaldi Bn, 12th Int Bde, 14th Division)
Defender: Nationalist (Italian Fascists) (Littorio Division of Corpo Truppe Volontarie)