On this part of Iwo Jima, the ground literally gurgled with heat emanating from underground fissures and crevices. These terrain features emitted blistering heat and sulphurous fumes. Of all the terrain on Iwo Jima, the northern end of the island was the most fiendish in terms of its natural defenses against encroachment from the outside. Past upheavals in the islands thin volcanic crust littered the zone with hundreds of massive sandstone buttes surrounded by a carpet of loose stones. The Japanese dug countless caves in this area, connecting them by tunnels extending several hundred yards in all directions. To approach this position, there would be no basic alteration in strategy or tactics. The battle would be continued in the same head-on fashion heretofore executed to remove the Japanese enemy from their holes. On this day, another battle would be waged amidst the incredible jumble of stone; this day the Marines fought to survive. . .
Attacker: American (USMC) (Elements II/21st Infantry regt, 5th Infantry Division)
Defender: Japanese (General Kuribayashi's Island Defenders))