The Four Courts is Ireland's main courts building, located on Inns Quay in Dublin. On 14 April 1922, 200 Anti-Treaty IRA soldiers led by Rory O'Connor occupied the Four Courts and several other buildings in central Dublin, resulting in a tense stand-off. On 27 June 1922, the Four Courts IRA garrison kidnapped JJ "Ginger" O'Connell, a general in the National Army. After giving the Four Courts garrison a final ultimatum to leave the building, the Provisional Government decided to end the stand-off by shelling the Four Courts garrison into surrender: at 4.29 am on 28 June 1922, 18-pounder guns opened fire on the Four Courts. This was the point of no return and is regarded as the beginning of the Irish Civil War.